Comparison of ultrasound to quantify the effect of surface electrotimulation of denervated facial muscles with MR, 3D-videos, and expert ratings
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Ultraschal in der Medizin
Could manual segmentation of magnetic resonance images be used to quantify the effects of transcutaneous electrostimulation and reinnervation of denervated facial muscle? Five patients with unilateral facial paralysis were scanned during the study while receiving a daily surface electrostimulation of the paralytic cheek region, but also after reinnvervation. Their facial muscles were identified in 3D (coronal, sagittal, and axial) and segmented in magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data for in total 28 time points over the 12 months of study. A non-significant trend of increasing muscle volume were detected after reinnervation. MRI is a valuable technique in the facial paralysis research.